Sometimes you wake up to find that you’ve got a pain in your shoulder. This can be because you’ve slept in a bad position – causing you to have a shoulder sprain. It can really interfere with your everyday duties. Even simple things like carrying your bag over your shoulders can cause a lot of discomfort. It’s not a major thing to worry about but you do need to attend to it.
A shoulder sprain occurs when the ligaments in our shoulders are stretched beyond their capacity or have suffered a small tear. These ligaments hold the shoulder bones in place. To be specific, it’s when the glenohumeral joint has been injured. This is the point where the shoulder blades, the bone and the humerus meet. A shoulder sprain occurs when there is a heavy blow to the shoulder causing a dislocated shoulder or a light trauma to the juncture.
A sprained shoulder can be caused by a strong twist of the shoulder, a heavy blow to the shoulder, using your arms to break a fall without bending them.
You will need to attend to the shoulder sprain before it gets worse. It you don’t attend to it, it will make the injury worse and really get in the way with your daily life. If it doesn’t heal, you will not be able to participate in any sporting activities, cause problems with your balance, can cause loose joints and connective tissue disorders and decrease the strength in your muscles and ligaments.
You will be able to tell if it is a shoulder sprain if you find it hard to move your shoulder, lift your arms above your head, feel pain in your shoulder, have inflammation in your shoulder area or have any swelling there.
You can get an x-ray, MRI or an arthrogram to check if it really is a shoulder sprain.
To treat it, rest your shoulder as much as possible, 3 to 4 times a day, apply an ice pack for 15-20 minutes. Do this for a few days.
When you have received a shoulder sprain, gentle exercises to strengthen and stretch the muscles can be beneficial. Mild forms of exercise and supervised stretching can bring back strength to the shoulder.